conjugal roles and social networks 673

separate leisure activities. In contrast, spouses with low density networks were thought to have relatively joint conjugal roles and leisure activities. Bott proposed two causal pathways linking network structure with marital outcomes. In the first model, Bott hypothesized that highly interconnected networks would be more apt to share similar values and beliefs regarding conjugal roles … Read more conjugal roles and social networks 673

672 conjugal roles and social networks

Wenming (Confucianism and World Civilizations). Department of Chinese Studies, National Univer- sity of Singapore, Singapore, pp. 919 32. Fei, X. (1992) From the Soil: The Foundations of Chinese Society. Translation of Fei Xiaotongs Xiangtu Zhongguo (1947). Introduction and Epilo- gue by G. G. Hamilton & W. Zheng. University of California Press, Berkeley. Lao, S. (1998) … Read more 672 conjugal roles and social networks

Confucianism 671

(i.e., Kongjiao Hui) in Indonesia the first one was founded in Solo in 1918 (Coppell 1981: 180) further promoted Confucianism. The forma tion of a federation of Confucian associations in Jakarta in 1955, the Khong Kauw Tjung Hwee consolidated the promotion of Confucianism and contributed to the formation of an institu tional religion that may … Read more Confucianism 671

670 Confucianism

A well known founder of this new school was Liang Shumin (18931988). Reflection on Con fucianism in relation to Christianity and western thought is evident in his writing. He insisted that Confucianism is not religion, which he saw as characterized by superstition. He argued that, in China, moral teaching had taken the place of religion. … Read more 670 Confucianism

Confucianism 669

sanjiao, referring to Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism, is better translated as three teach ings rather than as three religions, for in the Chinese understanding of jiao, it is not an important issue whether Confucianism is a reli gion or not. Chinese popular religion and its complex of pantheon, rituals, and temples is easily under stood … Read more Confucianism 669

668 Confucianism

voluntarily align themselves with different seg ments. While radical conflict theorists are sym pathetic to this position, they expressly identify structural forces of power and their accumula tion as the defining source. For instance, Cham bliss and Seidman (1982) argued that the law represents the interests of certain social groups rather than the public at … Read more 668 Confucianism

666 conflict theory and crime and delinquency

short, conflict theorists draw attention to those individuals, groups, or collectives that accumu late the most power and resources sufficient to shape lawmaking and criminal justice policy, consistent with the values and interests of the dominant segment in a given society. More over, conflict criminologists assess how these entities influence organizational and institu tional dynamics … Read more 666 conflict theory and crime and delinquency

664 conflict theory

Bureaucratic and organizational power strug gles. Bureaucratic organization was a major focus in Webers work but almost totally absent from Marxs. For Weber, the alie nating consequences of the modern division of labor were produced more by bureau cratic forms of organization than by who owned the means of production. Not only did these forms … Read more 664 conflict theory