3220 nihonjinron

(1986), which leveled criticism at a wide range of nihonjinron type materials, both contempor ary and historical. Criticisms took many forms. There was, first of all, a methodological criticism. Writers of the nihonjinron, it was pointed out, based their con clusions on personal experiences and everyday anecdotes, picking and choosing evidence in an arbitrary manner … Read more 3220 nihonjinron

nihonjinron 3219

The second major proposition of the nihonjin ron concerns the patterns of interpersonal com munication of the Japanese. Again, in contrast with the communication style of the West, which is said to value verbal skills and logical presenta tion, the non verbal and supralogical Japanese style of communication was stressed. Essential interpersonal communication among the … Read more nihonjinron 3219

3218 nihonjinron

periodically from the Meiji era (18681911) to the present, while continually undergoing changes in form. In its narrower and most recent sense, the term refers to the vogue of such discourses during the 1970s and the early 1980s, when a very large quantity of works on the unique qualities of the Japanese inundated bookstores the … Read more 3218 nihonjinron

nihonjinron 3217

aesthetic freedom, and, ultimately, expunges ressentiment. Nietzsche employed the term good European to praise the emergent hybrid peoples that he saw arising in the contra dictory interstices of late modernitys urbaniza tion and deterritorialized cosmopolitan culture. He argued that exposure to divergent values and ways of life provided the vital cultural resources that allow people … Read more nihonjinron 3217

3216 Nietzsche, Friedrich (18441900)

it provokes fundamental questioning of the taken for granted identity of the moral with the good. This core, ironically sociological facet of his antisociology has stimulated theorists such as Weber, Mannheim, Heidegger, Arendt, Strauss, Adorno, and Foucault to ponder the normative presuppositions of modern social theory and social science and the overall norma tive directions … Read more 3216 Nietzsche, Friedrich (18441900)

Nietzsche, Friedrich (18441900) 3215

sovereign individuals resist the herds machi nations, stand above slave morality, and will give rise to Ubermenschen, who will fashion a new postmodern civilization. Considering Herbert Spencer to be a decadent, Nietzsche con tended that his utilitarian shopkeepers philo sophy and Social Darwinism put mediocrity on a pedestal and celebrated the victory of ascetic priests … Read more Nietzsche, Friedrich (18441900) 3215

3214 Nietzsche, Friedrich (18441900)

He warned prophetically that antiliberal cur rents were creating conditions for the rise of authoritarian leaders and true believer followers who would impose, within a decade, a period of reaction and polar night of icy darkness and hardness. Weber did not mention Nietzsche in this speech, but its main theme converged with the philosophers warnings … Read more 3214 Nietzsche, Friedrich (18441900)

Nietzsche, Friedrich (18441900) 3213

Rajagopal, B. (2003) International Law from Below: Development, Social Movements and Third World Resistance. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Sklair, L. (2002) Globalization: Capitalism and Its Alternatives. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Nietzsche, Friedrich (18441900) Robert J. Antonio When Nietzsche was only 25 years old he was granted a doctoral degree from the University of Leipzig without … Read more Nietzsche, Friedrich (18441900) 3213

3212 NGO/INGO

transnational corporations and other organs of big business is a constant source of controversy. The most influential human rights INGO is Amnesty International, with around a million members in more than 160 countries and national sections in over 50 countries. Its budget of around US$25 million is raised from individual sub scriptions and funding from … Read more 3212 NGO/INGO

new urbanism 3211

affordable housing, as well as adequate services and employment opportunities. Advocates pro pose the principles of new urbanism as a means of revitalizing declining urban areas, promo ting local culture, preserving limited natural resources, assisting in addressing social inequal ities, and creating spaces more conducive to challenging social problems, such as crime. While the link … Read more new urbanism 3211