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adapted to the behavior of the alcoholic hus band and father, focusing upon the changes in role expectations and role relationships that often kept families intact despite dramatically deviant behavior on the part of this adult male (Steinglass et al. 1987). Stemming from these studies has been the concept of enabling behaviors that has widely … Read more 118 alcoholism and alcohol abuse

alcoholism and alcohol abuse 117

and the definition of alcohol depend ence accompany combinations of industrializa tion, urbanization, immigration, and population growth (Heath 2000). Deviant uses of alcohol involve failures to perform expected roles and/or destructive or anti social behaviors. Sociologically, alcohol abuse is any use of alcohol that is contrary to social norms governing the circumstances where the drinking … Read more alcoholism and alcohol abuse 117

116 alcoholism and alcohol abuse

SEE ALSO: Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse; Crime; Drug Use; Drugs, Drug Abuse, and Drug Policy; Drugs and the Law; Drugs/ Substance Use in Sport; Juvenile Delinquency REFERENCES AND SUGGESTED READINGS Acierno, R., Coffey, S., & Resnick, H. S. (Eds.) (2003) Interpersonal Violence and Substance Abuse Problems. Special issue. Addictive Behaviors 28(9). Bureau of Justice Statistics … Read more 116 alcoholism and alcohol abuse

alcohol and crime 115

deterring drunk driving: at least two thirds of the fatal alcohol involved accidents are caused by repeat drink drivers. Effective measures for controlling drunk driving and alcohol related accidents include lowering legal blood alcohol concentrations, controlling liquor out lets, nighttime driving curfews for minors, educational treatment programs combined with license suspension for offenders, and court … Read more alcohol and crime 115

114 alcohol and crime

is interesting from the sociological standpoint is the definition of dn (plural, adyan), the complexity of which is lost when translated into the modern religion. This then raises the question as to whether al Biruni imposed an Islamic conception of religion onto his Indian data or derived this broad conception from his Indian textual sources … Read more 114 alcohol and crime

al Biruni (9731048) 113

metaphysical ideas of the elite and the anthro pomorphic ideas of the masses, he clarifies that this dichotomy is to be found among the ancient Greeks, Jews, Christians, and Muslims (Sachau 1910: 24, 111). In other words, the dichotomy is a universal tendency found in all religions. Second, his work on India is an example … Read more al Biruni (9731048) 113

112 al Biruni (9731048)

philosopher ibn Sina (Avicenna). By 1022, Sultan Mahmud had conquered large parts of India including Waihand, Multan, Bhatinda, and the Ganges valley up to near Benares. It was during this time that al Biruni developed an interest in Indian society, living in an empire that conquered large areas of the Indian subcontinent and having the … Read more 112 al Biruni (9731048)

al Biruni (9731048) 111

Epstein, S. (1996) Impure Science: AIDS, Activism, and the Politics of Knowledge. University College Press, Berkeley. Global HIV Prevention Working Group (2004) HIV Prevention in the Era of Expanded Treatment Access. Gates Foundation/Kaiser Family Foundation. Kippax, S. & Race, K. (2003) Sustaining Safe Practice: Twenty Years On. Social Science and Medicine 57: 1 12. Moatti, … Read more al Biruni (9731048) 111

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approximately 5 percent of those who are infected are currently receiving the most effec tive therapy. Prospects for access to treat ments continue to be thwarted by poverty and global inequalities despite the recent moves for treatment access for all: the Glo bal Funds commitment to buy and distribute cheap generic drugs to poor countries; … Read more 110 AIDS, sociology of

AIDS, sociology of 109

their apparent physical and emotional invul nerability. A disregard for their own health and that of their sexual partners puts men in danger. Young men have the greatest number of unprotected sexual acts, are most likely to inject drugs, are most likely to engage in male sex work, and to be the victims of male … Read more AIDS, sociology of 109