Sombart, Werner (18631941) 4625

effect of social ties), especially how groups pro duce ideologies through mechanisms such as ritual practices (Collins 1994: 190, 204). Dur kheim did not discuss mechanical and organic solidarity per se after The Division of Labor. Yet over his lifetime he continued his interest in both manifestations of the structural relations among people: the evolution … Read more Sombart, Werner (18631941) 4625

solidarity, mechanical and organic 4623

Olzak, S. (1992) The Dynamics of Ethnic Competition and Conflict. Stanford University Press, Stanford. Ostrom, E. (1990) Governing the Commons: The Evo lution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cam- bridge University Press, Cambridge. Scott, J. C. (1985) Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance. Yale University Press, New Haven. Scott, J. C. (1990) … Read more solidarity, mechanical and organic 4623

4622 solidarity

important conflict. Conflict, differences of opi nion, and critical discussions require opposing perspectives, the ability to be heard, addressed, and exist. The notion that solidarity somehow eliminates or minimizes such critical dialogues fails to understand the nature of group dyna mics. Solidarity, as a relative construct, there fore exists to the extent that group members … Read more 4622 solidarity

solidarity 4621

organize about significant issues, events, visions, and/or threats. Thus the capacity to solidify is evidence of the capacity to survive, thrive, persist, and promote group interests, viability, and/or vitality. While it is possible, for heuristic purposes, to distinguish between organic and inorganic soli darity, in reality such distinctions are blurred. Hence successful social movements, political … Read more solidarity 4621

4620 solidarity

choices as persons with higher status are more often chosen. Cognitive balance theory, especially as for mulated by Fritz Heider (1958), has been used by many students of sociometry. Heider pro posed that a basic principle of individual cogni tive organization is that people seek to agree with others whom they view positively and to … Read more 4620 solidarity

sociometry 4619

Straus, R. (1957) The Nature and Status of Medical Sociology. American Sociological Review 22: 200 4. Straus, R. (1999) Medical Sociology: A Personal Fifty Year Perspective. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 40: 103 10. sociometry Barbara F. Meeker The word sociometry was coined by Jacob Levi Moreno (18891974). Moreno, one of the pioneers of … Read more sociometry 4619

4618 sociology in medicine

of medicine, began to increase. During the 1980s, increasing opportunities for nonacademic sociology applications were recognized by the American Sociological Association. Sociology in medicine again became an exciting career choice for medical sociologists, although they were now competing with other health related researchers for funding in medical institutions. The work of the sociologist in medicine … Read more 4618 sociology in medicine

sociology in medicine 4617

sociology in medicine Carey L. Usher Sociology in medicine is the label given to the collaborative work between sociologists and medical or health personnel within medical institutions or health care organizations. This distinction represents the applied work of med ical sociologists in the pure versus applied dichotomy of the social sciences. In its most extreme … Read more sociology in medicine 4617

4616 sociology

field of the social. Like many of the social and human sciences it does not have a clearly defined subject matter. This situation often leads to the assumption of a crisis. Sociology today is often faced with three broad choices. One is the clas sical vision of a field that is based on the inter … Read more 4616 sociology